Parsley

parsley

Parsley, Petroselinum crispum is native to Mediterranean and has been cultivated and used in culinary and medicine for thousands of years. Parsley is, by far, one of the most commonly mentioned herb in recipes all over the world. This plant is easy to grow and is a part of every respectable herb garden. Most people use it dried, however, it tastes a lot better ,in my view, fresh.

History

It has been greatly sought for its medicinal qualities, getting mentioned by none other than Hippocrates himself as a cure for a variety of ailments. Ancient Roman texts described two types, one with dense crowded leaves and the other with open, broader leaves. Pliny, in the first century AD wrote that there would not be a salad or sauce served without parsley. In Medieval time, revelers placed it on their tables and around their necks to absorb food odors or self odors since a bath was prescribed annually. Today it is found in a wide variety of dishes. It is sold commercially both fresh and dried.

A little magic do the trick

One rumor had it that you could bring about the demise of an enemy by plucking a twig of parsley while speaking his (or her) name, the antipode of daisies used. Greek Mythology held that parsley sprang from the blood of the forerunner of death, Archemorus. It was made into wreaths and hung on ancient tombs. Because it is thought to have the ability to cleanse the breath and the palate, it was commonly used as a garnish and as breath freshener. However,this is only an urban legend, and you need to drink green tea to have that effect.

Current cancer researches

There are increasing numbers of studies on this functional food. The phytochemicals from this functional food affect the speed of cell division, leaving time for the cell to correct DNA mistakes or to activate apoptosis. Also this food produce a phytoestrogen similar to that of soy beans. Furthermore, some phytochemicals present has effect on inflammation. But studies on specific type of cancer has not yet established.

Types of cancers affected

Leukemia
Lung cancer
Colon cancer
Pancreas cancer
Ovarian cancer
Prostate cancer
Breast cancer

Daily consumption

1 cups of fresh sprig. You can add it to your salad, in soup or stuff your poultry.

Cancer Protection Level

Apoptosis
Angiogenesis
Inflammation
Proliferation

Bonus: Cancer cytotoxic

Reference

1-Cell cycle control as a basis for cancer chemoprevention through dietary agents. Meeran SM, Katiyar SK. Front Biosci. 2008 Jan 1;13:2191-202.

2-Inhibitory effects of glycolipids fraction from spinach on mammalian DNA polymerase activity and human cancer cell proliferation. Kuriyama I, Musumi K, Yonezawa Y, Takemura M, Maeda N, Iijima H, Hada T, Yoshida H, Mizushina Y. J Nutr Biochem. 2005 Oct;16(10):594-601.

3-Medicinal foodstuffs. XVIII. Phytoestrogens from the aerial part of Petroselinum crispum MIll. (Parsley) and structures of 6″-acetylapiin and a new monoterpene glycoside, petroside. Yoshikawa M, Uemura T, Shimoda H, Kishi A, Kawahara Y, Matsuda H. Chem Pharm Bull (Tokyo). 2000 Jul;48(7):1039-44.

4-Inhibition of HIF-1 alpha and VEGF expression by the chemopreventive bioflavonoid apigenin is accompanied by Akt inhibition in human prostate carcinoma PC3-M cells. Mirzoeva S, Kim ND, Chiu K, Franzen CA, Bergan RC, Pelling JC. Mol Carcinog. 2008 Sep;47(9):686-700.